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精制石英石和普通石英石的区别

作者:admin 发布日期: 2020-09-19 二维码分享

石英是一种受热或压力就容易变成液体状的矿物。也是相当常见的造岩矿物,在三大类岩石中皆有之。因为它在火成岩中结晶.晚,所以通常缺少完整晶面,多半填充在其他先结晶的造岩矿物中间。石英的成份是.简单的二氧化矽(sio2),玻璃光泽,没有解理面,但具贝壳状断口。

微晶质的石英称为玉髓(chalcedony)、玛瑙(agate)或碧玉(jasper)。纯粹的石英是无色,但因常含有过渡元素的杂质而呈现不同的颜色。石英很安定,不容易风化或变化为他种矿物。 硅位于元素周期表第四族,在地壳中分布很广,在所有元素丰度分布的顺序上占第二位,仅次于氧,硅也是典型的亲氧元素,主要与氧结合形成硅氧四面体SiO4攩4-搅,产由硅氧四面体以各种形式结合生成不同的硅酸盐矿物,在宝石矿物中硅酸盐类占80%以上,以游离硅氧——SiO2形式分布的硅也占重要地位,而且稳定性非常好,是自然界.常见、.主要的造岩矿物,也是珠宝界应用数量和范围很大的一类宝玉石,以SiO2为主要成分的宝玉石更是种类繁多,特征各异。按SiO2结晶程度可划分为显晶质的单晶石英,多晶石英岩玉,隐晶质的玉髓、玛瑙、澳玉、碧玉、木变石、硅化木和非晶质的欧泊、天然玻璃。

下面列举常见的石英石种类:

ZIJING:YIZHONGZISEDESHUIJING,SHISiO2ZHONGHANWEILIANGTIESUOZHI,JINGFUZHAO,SANJIATIELIZIDEDIANZIQIAOCENGZHONGCHENGDUIDIANZIZHIYISHOUDAOJIFA,CHANSHENGKONGXUESEXINFeODANG4+JIAO4,KONGXUEZHUYAOZAIKEJIANGUANG550nmCHUSHENGCHANXISHOU,ERSHISHUIJINGCHANSHENGZISE,DANFeDANG4-JIAOBUWENDING,SHOUREYIBIANCHENGSANJIATIE,SUOYIZIJINGYITUNSE,ZIJINGYANSEFENBUCHANGBUJUNYUN,CHENGTUANKUAIZHUANG,YOUSHIJIANPINGXINGSEDAI。JUYOURUODAOZHONGDENGERSEXING,KENENGCHUXIANSHUIJINGZHONGSUOCHUXIANDESUOYOUBAOTI,HAIKEYOUTEZHENGDE“BANMAWEN”HEQIUZHUANG、XIAODIZHUANGBUTOUMINGSHENSEBAOTI。

YANJING:YIZHONGYANSEZHIZONGHESEYIZHIHEISEDESHUIJING,CHENGFENZHONGHANYOUWEILIANGDELV,AlDANG3+JIAOLIZIDAITISiDANG4+JIAOLIZI,SHOUFUZHAOHOUCHANSHENGAlODANG4-JIAO4KONGXUESEXIN,ERSHISHUIJINGCHANSHENGYANSE。YANJINGJIAREHOUKEBIANCHENGWUSESHUIJING。

HUANGJING:YIZHONGHUANGSEDESHUIJING,CHENGFENZHONGHANYOUWEILIANGTIEERCHENG。HUANGJINGYIBANJIAOTOUMING,NEIBUTEZHENGYUZIJINGXIANGTONG,SHICHANGSHANGDEHUANGJINGDUOSHUSHIZIJINGJIARECHULIERCHENG。

LVSHUIJING:YIZHONGLVSEDESHUIJING,TIANRANCHANCHUDEHENSHAO,ZHUYAOSHIZIJINGJIAREDEDAODE;HUOSHUIJINGZHONGHANLVSEKUANGWU(RULVNISHI)BAOTIERCHENGSE。

FURONGSHI:YECHENGQIANGWEISHIYING,QIANZHIZHONGFENHONGSESHUIJING,SEDIAOJIAOQIAN,YINCHENGFENZHONGYOUWEILIANGDEMnHETiERZHISE,DANJINGTIJIAOSHAO,TONGCHANGWEIZHIMIKUAIZHUANGJIHETI,XIANHUNZHUORUZHUANGWAIGUAN,YOUSHIKEHANDINGXIANGPAILIEDEZHENZHUANGJINHONGSHIBAOTI,YINERMOZHICHENGHUMIANBAOSHIKEXIANSHIXINGGUANG。

SHUANGSESHUIJING:YIZHONGZISEHEHUANGSEGONGCUNYITIDESHUIJING,ZISE、HUANGSEFENBIEZHANJUJINGKUAIDEYIBUFEN,LIANGZHONGYANSEDEJIAOJIEPIANYOUQINGXIDEJIEXIAN,SHUANGSESHIYOUYUSHUIJINGNEIDESHUANGJINGSUOZHI,ZISEHEHUANGSEFENBIEFAYUYUSHUANGJINGDANTIZHONGDErMIANHEzMIAN。SHIYINGMAOYAN:DANGSHUIJINGZHONGHANYOUDALIANGPINGXINGPAILIEDEXIANWEIZHUANGBAOTISHI,QIHUMIANXINGBAOSHIBIAOMIANKEXIANSHIMAOYANXIAOYING,YIBANSHIYINGMAOYANHUMIANJIAOGAO,XIANWEIZHUANGBAOTIQINGXIKEJIAN。

XINGGUANGSHUIJING:DANGSHUIJINGZHONGHANYOULIANGZUYISHANGDINGXIANGPAILIEDEZHENZHUANG、XIANWEIZHUANGBAOTISHI,QIHUMIANXINGBAOSHIBIAOMIANKEXIANSHIXINGGUANGXIAOYING,YIBANWEILIUSHEXINGGUANG,YEKEYOUSISHEXINGGUANG。


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